Color block logo of Deal Alice Deal Weekly Bulletin

December 8, 2008
"Think globally. Listen compassionately. Act inclusively."
Thought for the Week

"In a completely rational society, the best of us would aspire to be teachers and the rest of us would have to settle for something less, because passing civilization along from one generation to the next ought to be the highest honor and the highest responsibility anyone could have."
-- Lee Iacocca

Bell Schedule
Monday - Bell I
Tuesday - Bell I
Wednesday - Bell I (Buddy Day)
Thursday - Bell I
Friday - Bell I 

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Upcoming Activities!

Parent Teacher Conference day
(students not in school)
Team Odyssey workshop with Larry Bell 
Boys/Girls Basketball Game vs  Jefferson at Jefferson, 3:30 pm
High School Application Workshop with the counselors, 6:30 pm

Winter Concert, 7 pm
Boys/Girls Basketball
Game vs Oyster-
Adams at Deal,
3:30 pm

Scoliosis screening with the Nurse
PTA Newsletter submission deadline

Saturday & Sunday
Deal Debates
Last weekend for Deal Holiday Greens Sale, 9-5pm

December 15th
Focus Walk - period 2

December 16th

Deal Open House #2
Girls/Boys Basketball Game vs Friendship at Deal, 3:30 pm 

December 18th
Focus Walk - period 6
Faculty meeting
Girls/Boys Basketball Game vs Francis at Francis, 3:30 pm

December 19th
Student Council Winter Assembly
Last day of school for students (Winter Holiday)
Curriculum masters meeting, 8:10 am

December 22nd & 23rd
Staff development for Deal teachers

January 5th
School resumes after Winter Break!
January 6th
Girls/Boys Basketball Game vs Hardy at Deal, 3:30 pm 

January 7th
6th grade transition coffee chat #3 with Ms. Kim, 9-10 am, RM N101

January 8th
Focus Walk - period 7
"New to Deal" Teachers Meeting at 3:30 pm
Girls/Boys Basketball Game vs Lincoln at Bell, 3:30 pm

January 9th

LSRT meeting, 7:30 am
January 13th
Girls/Boys Basketball Game vs Takoma at Deal, 3:30 pm

January 14th & 15th

January 15th
Faculty meeting
Girls/Boys Basketball Game vs Jefferson at Deal, 3:30 pm

January 16th
End of 2nd Advisory
Martin Luther King, Jr., Assembly

January 19th
Martin Luther King, Jr., Holiday

January 20th
Inauguration Day - holiday

January 22nd
Deal Ski Trip to Ski Liberty
Student Council Awards Assembly
Girls/Boys Basketball Game vs Oyster-Adams at Deal, 3:30 pm

January 23rd
Record-keeping day,
12:15 dismissal
Periods: 1, 2, 6, 4, 5
Janaury 26th
 Team Braveheart
Smithsonian Museum of American Art classroom visits,  re:  writing about art
January 29th
 field trip to Smithsonian to study 10 artworks
Girls/Boys Basketball Game vs Francis at Deal, 3:30 pm
January 30th
2nd Advisory report cards issued
February 3rd
Girls/ Boys Basketball Game vs Hardy at Hardy, 3:30 pm
February 5th
"New to Deal" Teachers Meeting, 3:30 pm
Girls/Boys Basketball Game vs Lincoln at Deal, 3:30 pm
February 9th
 Girls/Boys Basketball
Game vs Takoma at Takoma
February 19th
 NAEP-2009 for 8th graders
 April 3rd
Record-keeping day,
12:15 dismissal
Periods: 1, 3, 7, 4, 5

May 26th
Reception at Smithsonian Museum of American Art for Team Braveheart art/writing stories books
Go Deal Soccer!
Deal has once again confirmed that it has the best soccer team in the region!
The boys' and girls' soccer teams won the DC Scores Capital Cup Championship at Wilson SHS
on November 25th. 
Our boys defeated Lincoln Middle School, 7-5, and our girls trounced Cesar Chavez, 6-0.
The Most Valuable Players for the finals were Abby Merlick and Max Walker.
The boys' team champions are:
Michael Ferranto
Max Fedeli
Anh Pham
Max Smith 
Nick Brown
Josh Bramble
Billy Shuldiner
Edward Bent
Noah Bell
Jonah Gigli
Rio Osborne
Ethan Canaan
Gabe Kohrman
Richard Escalante
Eliezer Molina
Essay Guidey
Sebastien Navidi-Kasmai
Max Walker
Andres Munoz
Grant Albee
Noah Lipshie
The girls' team champions are:

Izzy Jensen

Tasiana Paolisso
Most Committed: Tasiana Paolisso
Abigail Melick
Anna Pomper
Christie Hoyte-Hayes
Clare McLaughlin
Eliza Hamburger
Emma Johnson
Erika Hinkle
Isabel Albee
Izzy Jensen
Laniyyah Elam
Maggie Menditto
Maria Nwanze
Nell Bayliss
Savannah Bambino
Tasiana Paolisso
Vanessa Flores
Yonina Witman
Victoria Guill
Message from Principal Kim
Principal Kim
With the sprinkle of snow fall this weekend and the Deal Green Sale, winter has certainly arrived. 
Thanks to the dedicated Deal volunteers who worked on Saturday and Sunday to sell trees and wreaths and also thanks to the many family and friends who came to make purchases and thus helped support our school financially.

I am also happy to announce that our new math teacher will join us permanetly Monday.  Ms. Carol Philip will be joining the Deal Middle School team to serve as a math teacher on the GreenScholars team.  She was selected by a team of teachers and administrators after numerous interviews with our teachers and two demonstration lessons.  We are excited to welcome her!

As always, we have a busy week:
  • We hope to see many of you during parent teacher conferences on Monday.  The teachers and counselors have been busy scheduling parents with conference times.  Please remember to come to your scheduled appointment with team teachers on time, while still allowing time to pop in to visit with all of the elective teachers.  Parking continues to present a challenge on these days, so please also plan that into your scheduling for arrival. Our music students, along with their parents and teachers, will be selling tempting baked goods during the conference day outside of the main office.  Please come visit and support their trip to Cleveland, OH, in the spring.
  • On Wednesday at 6:30 pm, our Counseling Department will be hosting a High School Application Workshop to support you and your child with the process.  If you are confused or have questions about it and have not been able to connect with a counselor during the work day, this is a great time to get your questions answered.
  • The music students will be performing their first concert this Thursday at 7 pm.  Please join us to see how far they have progressed in 3 short months!
  • Finally, the Deal Greens sale will continue for one more weekend, on Saturday and Sunday from 9-5 pm.  Please don't miss this chance to get in the spirit of the holidays and support our school!
Have a great week!

Principal Kim

Weekly News

  • Thanks to Mr. Milton for doing such a fine job as our long-term substitute with our math classes for the last few weeks.  He has worked tirelessly with the Green Scholars team and with the math department not to miss a beat!  He also came into work on Sunday to ensure that the classroom move from the old classroom to the new classroom would go without a hitch!  We are thankful to have him with us to support other classroom teachers and students as our substitute!
  • Thanks to Ms. Maggie Mackey and Mr. Hamlet Bent for leading the Deal Green Sale effort!

    Delivery/ unloading volunteers were:

    John Shovelan, Matthew Frumin, Ted Wackler, Joe & Henry Englert, Daniel Mestas

    Saturday's Volunteers were:

    Joe Erchenian, Sharon McGrath, John Connor, Libbey Sheldon, Caleb Merriam, Joe Scholten, Joe Greenberg, Olivia Weiskopff, Ciara, Camryn, & Skyler Mackey

    Sunday Volunteers were:

    Deborah Crouch, John Welsh, Michael Ferranto, Max, Steve Wylegala, Tom & Anne Ryan, Camille Funelle, Darcy Shovelan, Esther Howard, Kathryn Rickard, Liz Garman, Joe Scholten, Albert Shuldiner, Barry Summer, Sam Smith, JoAnn, Emerson, & Madeline Tom.

Thanks for braving the cold temperatures for Deal!

Parent/Teacher Conference Interpreter
  • Our LAYC after-school coordinator, Tim Gibbon, will be available for Spanish interpreting during parent/teacher conferences.  He will be stationed at the front door.  If you need an interpreter, please come to the main office and we will do our best to accommodate you.  

Deal PTA Auction

  • Teachers!  Please join PTA organizers for an informal reception Monday in the conference room to learn about the upcoming Deal PTA auction and the ways that we hope you can help. Grab some refreshments and ready yourself for the day ahead. That's Monday, Dec. 8th, in the conference room, at 11 am, before the Parent/Teacher conferences begin. Hope to see you there and thank you!
Buddy Days this Week  
  • Shepherd Elementary -- Tuesday (24  Buddies)
    Horace Mann Elementary -- Wednesday (12 Buddies)
    We continue to receive excellent reviews and comments about Buddy Day experiences thanks to the seamless coordination of the counselors, teachers, and students!

World Languages Candygram Sale

  • Buy a candy cane for a friend, and we'll deliver it to them with a personal message for the holidays!  Candy canes will be on sale for $1 each during both lunch periods, starting on Tuesday and continuing through Monday, December 15.  Candygrams will be delivered on Wednesday, December 17.  All proceeds benefit the Deal World Languages Program.  Happy Holidays!  Contact Dana Cooper (202-265-5084) for more information.

NCBI Team Odyseey Workshop

  • Team Odyssey will be participating in an all-day workshop with Larry Bell on Tuesday.

High School Application Available in Counseling Suite

  • Steps to follow for Wilson SHS:
    Student are instructed to return completed applications to Ms. McFarland.
    Teacher recommendations are confidential and will be given to Ms. McFarland.
    Completed applications will be delivered to Wilson High School on or before January 16th.  Students are asked to pick up applications after school, to minimize time away from class.
  • Banneker Academic High School, McKinley Technological High School, Duke Ellington School of the Arts, Cardozo Trans Tech and Phelps Architectural Construction & Engineering High School applications are also available in the Counseling Suite.

Debate Club

  • Any students wishing to register for the December 13 debate must see Ms. Sweeney after school on Tuesday to submit your team names and get important location information.

7th Grade Brown Bag Lunch: Building Self-Esteem!

  • On Thursday, in room 115, there will be a brown bag lunch with the counselors on helping those around us build confidence & self-esteem.  Seventh graders are welcomed to join Ms. K, Ms. O'Shea, and Ms. Duane during their 4th period lunch on Thursday!  Together, we will chat about how we can increase our own self esteem, as well as address issues that will help us support our peers!  There is a sign-up sheet in the Counseling Suite; please drop by and add your name!  Don't forget to bring your own lunch! See you there! 
 Health Screen for 8th Grade Students
  • Attention Deal Parents and Faculty.  A letter was sent home on December 5th requesting permission for your child to participate in a Scoliosis Screening on Friday with our nurse, Ms. Garcia-Ali, on December 12th.  Scoliosis is a curvature of the back that, if found, needs to be monitored as the student continues their growth and development through high school.

Homeroom teachers, please ensure parental consent slips are collected and that the students report to the nurse on this date.  Any question may be answered by Ms. Garcia-Ali, RN, at her new phone number 202-939-2009.

Capital City Jazz Project

  • The dates for the next workshops are Jan. 13 & 27, and Feb. 12 (the rest of the dates will be determined and posted). There will be two workshops on each day, the first during 5th period and the second during 6th. Students have been instructed to complete their work early. Teachers, please keep the list of students that was placed in your mailbox for all Jazz project-related events.

Next Cleveland Deposit Due December 11th.
  • Students who are traveling to Cleveland are advised that the next deposit, in the amount of $100, is due on December 11th. Please note that some students are still past due on the November 6th deposit.

Department of Music Dress Rehearsals

  • The Music Department will be holding dress rehearsals on December 11th. The Choir will rehearse during 2nd and 3rd periods and instrumental students will rehearse during 6th and 7th periods. A list of participating students will be provided for all teachers.
 Ski Trip
  • Alice Deal's ski trip to Liberty will take place on January 22nd. There will be a brief meeting in the gym this Wednesday at 3:20 to learn important details.  Please see Mr. Koplowitz or Ms. Sweeney with questions.

Music Department Fundraiser

  • Parents, Teachers, Students . . . as you're wandering the halls Monday during Parent-Teacher Conference day and get hungry or thirsty, please stop by the Music Department's concession stand (in the hallway outside of the Welcome Center). Students will be selling pizza, drinks, snacks, and baked goods. Please support the music kids' efforts to raise money for their upcoming trip to Cleveland. Thank you.

Boys' and Girls' Basketball

  • The 2008-2009 basketball season is beginning -- Tuesday, the girls' and boys' teams travel to Jefferson for their first game.  On Friday, we have our home opener against Oyster/Adams, starting at 3:30 pm.  The cost for the basketball games will be $1.  Please make sure that your parents know that you will be staying after school on Friday.

Counselors' Adoption of Passable Students (CAPS)

  • CAPS is a support system designed to address student failure.  The counseling staff "adopted" students who received failing grades in the first advisory.  Counselors are using coursework packets, counseling, enrichment activities, and feedback to monitor student performance and chart their progress weekly.  Thanks to all the teams that provide student packets and collaborate with the counseling staff in this endeavor.  For additional information, please contact your grade-level counselor.

Deal PTA Newsletter

  • Teachers and staff:  Just a quick reminder that the deadline for the next edition of the Deal PTA newsletter is Friday.  Short articles from coaches summing up the fall athletic season or news about clubs and other extracurricular activities are especially welcome!!!

New Path to Cafeteria

  • Students should now enter the cafeteria through the light court stairwells.  
Deal PTA Green Sale
  • The holiday season has arrived already!  If you celebrate by decorating trees or hanging wreaths or garlands, please purchase them at the Deal Green Sale.  The dedicated PTA volunteers will be selling these fresh green items for one more weekend outside the school.  Please come and help them sell or help by making a purchase!  Make this your family's tradition!
    • Saturday & Sunday, Dec. 13-14, 9 am - 5 pm


Before & After School Activities This Week ...
  • No School for Students (Parent Teacher Conferences)
Tuesday AM
  • Jazz Band, 7:45 am
  • Concert Choir, 7:45 am
  • Ms. Stanley's Reading Group, 7-8:30 am
Tuesday PM
  • Student Government meeting, 3:20 pm, RM 207
  • Indoor Track Practice, 3 - 5 pm
  • Human Rights Club meeting, 3:15 pm, RM N101
  • Ms. Stanley's Reading Group, 3:30 -4:30 pm
  • Drumline, 3:30 - 4:30 pm
  • International Cooking Club, 3:15 - 4:30 pm
  • Art Club, 3:20-4:20 pm, Ms. Washington's classroom
  • Boys/Girls' Basketball Game vs Jefferson at Jefferson, girls at 3:30, boys at 4:30
  • LAYC tutoring, 3:30 - 5:30 pm
Wednesday AM
  • Concert Band, 7:45 am
  • Small Choral Ensemble, 8 am
  • Ms. Stanley's Reading Group, 7 - 8:30 am
  • Concert Choir, 7:45 am

Wednesday PM

  • LAYC tutoring, 3:30 - 5:30 pm
  • Boys/Girls' Basketball practice, 3:30 - 5 pm
  • Cheerleading practice
  • Show Choir, 3:30 pm - 4:15 pm

Thursday AM

  • Ms. Stanley's Reading Group, 7 - 8:30 am
  • Jazz Band, 7:45 am
  • Show Choir, 7:45 am

Thursday PM

  • Rugby, 3:30 - 5 pm
  • Ms. Stanley's Reading Group, 3:30 - 4:30 pm
  • LAYC tutoring, 3:30 - 5:30 pm

Friday AM

  • Rock Choir, 8 am
  • Flute and Clarinet Ensembles, 8 am

Friday PM

  • Field Games with Mr. Brecher
  • Tutoring with Ms. Brown & Ms. Bruce, 3:30 - 4:30 pm
  • Boys'/Girls' Basketball Game vs Oyster/Adam at Deal, girls at 3:30, boys at 4:30

As always, students should only be at school with parent permission!
Food for thought...


information from

 Bullying is aggressive behavior that is intentional and involves an imbalance of power or strength. Usually, it is repeated over time. Traditionally, bullying has involved actions such as: hitting or punching (physical bullying), teasing or name-calling (verbal bullying), or intimidation through gestures or social exclusion. In recent years, technology has given children and youth a new means of bullying each other.

Cyber bullying, which is sometimes referred to as online social cruelty or electronic bullying, can involve:

  • Sending mean, vulgar, or threatening messages or images;
  • Posting sensitive, private information about another person;
  • Pretending to be someone else in order to make that person look bad;
  • Intentionally excluding someone from an online group (Willard, 2005).

Children and youth can cyberbully each other through:

  • E-mails,
  • Instant messaging,
  • Text or digital imaging messages sent on cell phones,
  • Web pages,
  • Web logs (blogs),
  • Chat rooms or discussion groups, and
  • Other information communication technologies.

How common is cyber bullying?
Although little research has been conducted on cyber bullying, recent studies have found that:

  • 18% of students in grades 6-8 said they had been cyberbullied at least once in the last couple of months; and 6% said it had happened to them 2 or more times (Kowalski et al., 2005).
  • 11% of students in grades 6-8 said they had cyberbullied another person at least once in the last couple of months, and 2% said they had done it two or more times (Kowalski et al., 2005).
  • 19% of regular Internet users between the ages of 10 and 17 reported being involved in online aggression; 15% had been aggressors, and 7% had been targets (3% were both aggressors and targets) (Ybarra & Mitchell, 2004).
  • 17% of 6-11 year-olds and 36% of 12-17-year-olds reported that someone said threatening or embarrassing things about them through e-mail, instant messages, web sites, chat rooms, or text messages (Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, 2006).
  • Cyber bullying has increased in recent years. In nationally representative surveys of 10-17 year-olds, twice as many children and youth indicated that they had been victims and perpetrators of online harassment in 2005 compared with 1999/2000 (Wolak, Mitchell, & Finkelhor, 2006).

Who are the victims and perpetrators of cyber bullying?
In a recent study of students in grades 6-8 (Kowalski et al., 2005):

  • Girls were about twice as likely as boys to be victims and perpetrators of cyber bullying.
  • Of those students who had been cyberbullied relatively frequently (at least twice in the last couple of months):
    • 62% said that they had been cyberbullied by another student at school, and 46% had been cyberbullied by a friend.
    • 55% didn't know who had cyberbullied them.
  • Of those students who admitted cyber bullying others relatively frequently:
    • 60% had cyberbullied another student at school, and 56% had cyberbullied a friend.

What are the most common methods of cyber bullying?
In recent studies of middle and high school students, (Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, 2006; Kowalski et al., 2005; Wolak, Mitchell, & Finkelhor, 2006) the most common way that children and youth reported being cyberbullied was through instant messaging. Somewhat less common ways involved the use of chat rooms, e-mails, and messages posted on web sites. A study of younger children (Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, 2006) showed that they were most often bullied through e-mail, comments on a web site, or in a chat room.

Where are children and youth cyber bullied?
In a recent telephone survey of preteens (6-11 year-olds) and teens (12-17 year-olds) (Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, 2006):

  • 45% of preteens and 30% of teens who had been cyber bullied received the messages while at school;
  • 44% of preteens and 70% of teens who had been cyber bullied received the messages at home; and
  • 34% of preteens and 25% of teens who had been cyber bullied received the messages while at a friend's house.

Do children tell others if they are cyber bullied?
According to one telephone survey of preteens and teens (Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, 2006):

  • 51% of preteens but only 35% of teens who had been cyber bullied had told their parents about their experience;
  • 27% of preteens and only 9% of teens who had been cyber bullied had told a teacher;
  • 44% of preteens and 72% of teens who had been cyber bullied had told a friend;
  • 31% of preteens and 35% of teens who had been cyber bullied had told a brother or sister; and
  • 16% of preteens and teens who had been cyber bullied had told no one.

How does cyber bullying differ from other traditional forms of bullying?
Although there is little research yet on cyber bullying among children and youth, available research and experience suggest that cyber bullying may differ from more "traditional" forms of bullying in a number of ways (Willard, 2005), including:

  • Cyber bullying can occur any time of the day or night;
  • Cyber bullying messages and images can be distributed quickly to a very wide audience;
  • Children and youth can be anonymous when cyber bullying, which makes it difficult (and sometimes impossible) to trace them;

What can adults do to prevent and address cyber bullying?
Adults seldom are present in the online environments frequented by children and youth. Therefore, it is extremely important that adults pay close attention to the cyber bullying and the activities of children and youth when using these new technologies.

Suggestions for parents*

Tips to help prevent cyber bullying:

  • Keep your home computer(s) in easily viewable places, such as a family room or kitchen.
  • Talk regularly with your child about on-line activities he or she is involved in.
    • Talk specifically about cyber bullying and encourage your child to tell you immediately if he or she is the victim of cyber bullying, cyberstalking, or other illegal or troublesome on-line behavior.  
    • Encourage your child to tell you if he or she is aware of others who may be the victims of such behavior.
    • Explain that cyber bullying is harmful and unacceptable behavior.  Outline your expectations for responsible online behavior and make it clear that there will be consequences for inappropriate behavior.
  • Although adults must respect the privacy of children and youth, concerns for your child's safety may sometimes override these privacy concerns.  Tell your child that you may review his or her on-line communications if you think there is reason for concern.
  • Consider installing parental control filtering software and/or tracking programs, but don't rely solely on these tools.

Tips for dealing with cyber bullying that your child has experienced:

Because cyber bullying can range from rude comments to lies, impersonations, and threats, your responses may depend on the nature and severity of the cyber bullying.  Here are some actions that you may want to take after-the-fact.

  • Strongly encourage your child not to respond to the cyber bullying.
  • Do not erase the messages or pictures. Save these as evidence.
  • Try to identify the individual doing the cyber bullying. Even if the cyberbully is anonymous (e.g., is using a fake name or someone else's identity) there may be a way to track them through your Internet Service Provider. If the cyber bullying is criminal (or if you suspect that it may be), contact the police and ask them to do the tracking.
  • Sending inappropriate language may violate the "Terms and Conditions" of e-mail services, Internet Service Providers, web sites, and cell phone companies. Consider contacting these providers and filing a complaint.
  • If the cyber bullying is coming through e-mail or a cell phone, it may be possible to block future contact from the cyberbully. Of course, the cyberbully may assume a different identity and continue the bullying.
  • Contact your school. If the cyber bullying is occurring through your school district's Internet system, school administrators have an obligation to intervene. Even if the cyber bullying is occurring off campus, make your school administrators aware of the problem. They may be able to help you resolve the cyber bullying or be watchful for face-to-face bullying.
  • Consider contacting the cyberbully's parents. These parents may be very concerned to learn that their child has been cyber bullying others, and they may effectively put a stop to the bullying.  On the other hand, these parents may react very badly to your contacting them. So, proceed cautiously. If you decide to contact a cyberbully's parents, communicate with them in writing - not face-to-face. Present proof of the cyber bullying (e.g., copies of an e-mail message) and ask them to make sure the cyber bullying stops.
  • Consider contacting an attorney in cases of serious cyber bullying. In some circumstances, civil law permits victims to sue a bully or his or her parents in order to recover damages.
  • Contact the police if cyber bullying involves acts such as:
    • Threats of violence
    • Extortion
    • Obscene or harassing phone calls or text messages
    • Harassment, stalking, or hate crimes
    • Child pornography

If you are uncertain if cyber bullying violates your jurisdiction's criminal laws, contact your local police, who will advise you.

Suggestions for educators

  • Educate your students, teachers, and other staff members about cyber bullying, its dangers, and what to do if someone is cyberbullied.
  • Be sure that your school's anti-bullying rules and policies address cyber bullying.
  • Closely monitor students' use of computers at school.
  • Use filtering and tracking software on all computers, but don't rely solely on this software to screen out cyber bullying and other problematic on-line behavior.
  • Investigate reports of cyber bullying immediately. If cyber bullying occurs through the school district's Internet system, you are obligated to take action. If the cyber bullying occurs off-campus, consider what actions you might take to help address the bullying:
    • Notify parents of victims and parents of cyberbullies of known or suspected cyber bullying.
    • Notify the police if the known or suspected cyber bullying involves a threat.
    • Closely monitor the behavior of the affected students at school for possible bullying.
    • Talk with all students about the harms caused by cyber bullying. Remember - cyber bullying that occurs off-campus can travel like wildfire among your students and can affect how they behave and relate to each other at school.
    • Investigate to see if the victim(s) of cyber bullying could use some support from a school counselor or school-based mental health professional. 

Kowalski, R. et al (August, 2005). Electronic Bullying Among School-Aged Children and Youth. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association. Washington, DC.

Opinion Research Corporation (2006). Cyber bully pre-teen. Available at:

Opinion Research Corporation (2006). Cyber bully teen. Available at:

Wolak, J., Mitchell, K., & Finkelhor, D. (2006). Online victimization of youth: Five years later. National Center for Missing & Exploited Children.

Ybarra, M. L., & Mitchell, K. J. (2004). Youth engaging in online harassment: Associations with caregiver-child relationships, Internet use, and personal characteristics. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 319-336.

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Alice Deal Middle School | 3815 Fort Drive, NW | Washington | DC | 20016